Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Essays on Countries Should Be Allowed to Leave or Forced to Leave the EU Essay The paper "Countries Should Be Allowed to Leave or Forced to Leave the EU" is an outstanding example of an essay on category. European Union is an association of twenty-seven countries, mostly European countries with an aim to strengthen their political and economic powers and it was refined in 1993 in a treaty called the Maastricht Treaty (Verdun). The EU has a standard currency called the Euro which can be used in any member state. The union has established a standardized market and created a free environment for the migration of people within the state without passport control.Countries should be allowed to leave the EU if it is for their own interest that they do so. This argument is supported by the fact that a member of the Union can encounter some problems, which can be avoided if the country quit membership. A country should be given the freedom to quit the European Union if it is in the interest of the people. European Union membership is costly and if the member states shou ld decide to free themselves from this financial burden, they should be allowed to quit. Policies adopted by the European Union affect member states. Some of these policies may disadvantage a country. A move to set a minimum price for agricultural goods can be unpopular and it can force consumers to pay more than what they would have paid in a free market. Should a country wish to free its citizens from these economic policies, the EU should allow them to withdraw their membership. Citizens of the member states have also lost their national sovereignty to the union, and they identify themselves more with the European Union Economic territory more than they do with their own country.The use of common currency is another issue that member states struggle with; moreover, the common monetary policy for Euro users involves setting up a common interest rate (Philip 48). These rates are favorable for some countries and unfavorable for others, therefore, if the policy is set to reduce infla tion by charging a high-interest rate, countries with recessions will be disfavored. The Euro also cannot be devalued by a single government, in an effort to make exports competitive. Being a member of the European Union, therefore, limits the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s power in the application of fiscal policies. Free migration of labor and capital within the Euro member state can create labor completion and overcrowding of labor markets. This movement of people can cause other problems associated such as traffic jams and a rise in the cost of housing. If a country should wish to avoid this migration by quitting the Union, it should be allowed to do so. In some instances, countries may be forced to leave the union, thus, if a member state disintegrates, it should be forced to leave the union, and register afresh if it wants to continue with the membership.However, there are reasons why countries should not be allowed to change membership. Changing the membership of a member state, say UK means that other members of the European Union will not enjoy free immigration to the UK, free exchange of labor and capital. This could affect companies that are established in the region, which base their market on the common region; therefore, the withdrawal should be regulated. The union also creates a great platform for diplomacy and therefore avoiding conflict and gives collective security to members. Withdrawal of a country, however, cannot make a company lose all its sales, because it can concentrate its trade in the remaining member countries furthermore, the company can still do business in those countries, which have withdrawn provided the follow the law of the country they wish to trade-in. Friendly countries can still help one another during the time of war, whether or not they are both members of a Union.Members of the European Union should, therefore, be allowed to withdraw membership at will because it is democratic to do so. Membership for the union comes with many advantages, but still, a county should decide what is best for its citizens and arrive at a decision accordingly.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Research on Intelligent Steering Wheel Technology Based on Multi Sensor? Answer: Introduction In this assignment it mainly deals about the NHS of England. It is actually a non-departmental executive public body of the Health Department of the England. The basic aim of the NHS England is to improve all the health outcomes of the people in England. The basic ambition of the NHS is to treat all the patients and the public and also put their interest at first (Bai and Tan, 2014). In the mentioned scenario of this assignment of NHS it discusses about the quality of the services of the care of the patients of NHS is shot then the expected standards which results patients lives at the stake and also the close down of the hospitals, specific departments and also the general practices. There is also have other factor which is also mentioned in this scenario of the assignment which led to the closure of the units, hospitals and the centers due to the lack of the poor management, integration of the centers and also due to the financial reason (Burnham, 2015). As mentioned in the assignment to deal with one of the highlighted issues. The first issue which deals with the degradation of the quality services which results the patients lives at risks and also the close down of the general practices and the hospitals is selected (Brock, 2014). Discussion of the range of the decisions which could be taken by the management and the NHS England The various possible decisions which are taken by the management and the NHS England according the mentioned issue are given below (Ham, 2014): The NHS England needs to improve the experience of the patients by introducing some of the new facilities which include friends and family test, the cancer drug funds, patient centered outcomes measures, health and social care service, consultant treatment outcomes etc (Brunel, 2014). By improving the technologies and the systems by implementing the strategic systems and technologies, giving the full governance of the information so that it cannot be stole and also introducing the commercial unit of medicine and the care data advisory group (Burnham, 2015). Improving both the patient involvement and the safety by setting the patient safety agenda allows in involving patient in a better way and maintaining the safety. It also helps in doing the mitigation of both the clinical risk and the issues and also improving the resources of the patient safety (Flippo and Miller, 2014). Examination of the knowledge and the information which is needed to ensure the effective decision based on the scenario The types of the information and the knowledge ensuring the effective decision are given below (Game, 2014): Qualitative information: Qualitative information is basically the non numeric based information. In the respect of the situation the qualitative information deals with the proper assessment of the implementation of the best practices of the settings. It also deals with the evidence based information which reflects the best practices which are implemented (Ham, 2014). Quantitative information: under the quantitative information it deals with the collection of the national data which reflects the improvement of the work. Most of the quantitative information is based on the management and the assessment of the performance, choice of the patients and also the improvement of the service. The quantitative information is mainly based on the implementation of the survey process (Game, 2014). Official and the unofficial information: under the official and the unofficial information it mainly deals about the various official reports which are released by the NHS England and under the unofficial information it tells about the information which is collected from the patients of NHS (Iacobucci, 2014). Policy and opinion: it deals about the implemented policy of the NHS England which deals with the better improvement of the provided facility by the NHS. Under the opinion it tells about the patients and the staffs opinion which also helps in doing the improvement of the health department. Assessment of both the external and the internal sources of the information based on the scenario The assessment of both the internal and the external sources of the information include formal and the informal sources, internal and the external stakeholders and also the health patients and the workers. Under the internal an d the external stakeholder it include NHS education, health and safety executive, NHS board, environmental bodies, professional bodies, public bodies etc. Under the internal and the external sources of the information it includes both the internal and the external bodies of the NHS England (Flippo and Miller, 2014). identification of both the internal and the external key stakeholders involved in doing the decision making process Key Internal and External Stake holders (Jaworski and Huang, 2014) Explain the contacts of the NHS England with the internal and the external stake holders Jaworski and Huang (2014) stated that the techniques which is used to identify and also the assessment of the influence and the importance of the organizations, group of the people is referred as the stake holder analysis. External stakeholders (Lamb, 2015) Internal stake holders helps in the decision making strategies by doing the participation in the funding, co-ordination, publication and the resourcing of the strategies from the health and the partnership strategies. Internal stake holders controls all the strategic resources and also posses the various skills and the knowledge and also helps in controlling the environment (Burnham, 2015). identification of the stakeholders in the decision making process Internal stakeholders of the decision making process Under the internal stakeholders it includes: directors of Nursing, Public Health directors, management analyst of public health, committee members of board, trustees, health manager, programmes and services directors, health intelligence, research scientists, management analyst of public health, communications, procurement etc (Burnham, 2015). External stakeholders of the decision making process In the context of stakeholders it includes: local authority, customers, service users, patients, suppliers, media, quality assessors, providers, funders, workforce, interested groups, school nurses, link groups etc (Brock, 2014). Design of the strategies for doing the improvement of the personal networking and the involvement of the stake holders To do the involvement of the stakeholders in the networking to improve the decision making process the BSRs five step approach is used. The implemented five steps are discussed below: Development of the strategy: By reviewing the past strategies of the engagements it also helps to determine the companys motivation of the engagement and also helps in defining the objectives (Limb, 2015). Mapping of the stakeholders: By defining the criteria of the identification and the prioritization of the stakeholders it reflects an engagement mechanism which includes open forum, single meeting, or the ongoing panel of stakeholder (Limb, 2014). Prepare for an engagement: Defining both the long term and the short term goals, and by setting the rules and the tactics for the engagement (Maroun and Solomon, 2014). Engagement of the stakeholders: needs to conduct the engagement by doing the focus in the conversations and also by arranging the different engagement sessions and by doing the mitigation of the tensions when arises (Neale, Miller and West, 2014). Establishment of the action plan: to do the improvement of the business strategies and operations, building of the trust of the stake holders and also by identifying the opportunities and also by doing the planning for the future engagements (Neubaum, Dibrell and Craig, 2012). (NHS England issues safety alert after patient deaths, 2015) In this assignment the organization Tesco is selected for doing the task. Report of the existing processes of the communication between the management and the employees, between the organization and the customers. 3.1.1 Communication between the management and the employees To do the communication between the management and the employees the organization Tesco 5 different ways: Team 5: in this process Tesco organize a weekly five minutes communication in face to face way for the all the employees of the organization. In this five minute they discuss the important messages which are most relevant to the role of the employee (Oderich et al. 2014). This process is divided into three parts: Helps the employees to do the job Helps to serve the customers in a better way Helps to gather all the information and the news about all the distribution centers The one: in this technique Tesco produce a monthly basis colleague publication for all the peoples of the stores, offices and the distribution centers. In this all the issues are packed with all the available news, funs, competitions and the features. In this the colleagues can send their own news and the stories of the business (Pero and Sudy, 2014). Our Tesco: it is an internet site where all the colleagues can get connected and also can share their experiences and the skills. Through the site of Tesco it helps to read the news and also help to view the helpful documents. Notice boards: Tesco also uses the techniques of the notice board which helps to display the various up to date information about the areas which include training, safety and health notices, benefits, statutory information, union updates, club activity and the company news. All these are the essential parts of the communication and by doing the regular visit to this site gives the employees updated with all the changes (Personalising health IT a challenge for NHS England, 2014). Steering wheel: (Bai and Tan, 2014) stated that, this tool helps to measure the performance also helps in managing the business in a balanced manner. It also plays an important role in doing the communication of the strategies and also the performance of the colleagues. It have the five parts: customer, people, finance, operations and the community (Ruck and Stottan, 2014). Steering wheel (Santos, Almeida and Assis, 2014) 3.1.2 Communication between the organization and the customers Doing the communication between the customers and the organization Tesco uses the various techniques which are discussed below: Employee feedback: As the communication plays the important role to get the better understanding of the staffs and also to increase the loyalty of the customers of Tesco. They also communicate with the employees by the face to face briefings, questions, publications and also the internet (Sierra et al. 2014) . Trade unions: The employees of the Tesco join the trade union and also they are able to exercise their rights. They also have the agreement of the industry leading partnership and also help to set up the improvement in the communication on the basis of the issues of the employees. Whistle-blowing: it is a 24- hour confidential telephonic line and the email address which helps the customers to rise about the ethical issues and also to report about the grievances. They also help to set up and also to review the plans for ensuring the awareness of the facility (Burnham, 2015). designing of the ways in doing the improvement of the appropriateness of the communication processes. To improve the appropriateness of the communication process, Tesco uses 4 techniques which are given below (Burnham, 2015): Listening each other: They always need to hear all the views of the employees, colleagues on the basis of the issues which occurs the impacts on the businesses. In this they also have the discussions by doing the publications and by the briefings in the face to face approach. It also helps Tesco to understand the matters of the issues in a batter way (Sofosbuvir to be funded by NHS England, 2014). Colleague forums: it is designed to get involved in the businesses. This forum includes three levels which are: Distribution forum- held in monthly basis National forum- four times in a year Stream forum- for times in a year Feedback: in this the feedback from the customers and the people matters to do resolve all the issues and also to do some of the required changes. They also do the survey of the provided feedback of both the colleagues and the customers by doing the questionnaire process, highlighting any of the issues and also by identifying any of the specific areas. The improvement of the IT system ways which is implemented to ensure the greater integration of the communication of the system. In doing the improvement of the IT system they need to do the following steps which are given below (Flippo and Miller, 2014): Use of social media and internet: they can use the social networking sites: twitter, face book, YouTube etc which help in doing the improvement of the technologies used. These sites also give a greater platform to get in touch with both the colleagues and the friends. They also need to integrate the new CRM system which provides the opportunity to the employees with the facility of answering calls and also by providing the knowledge by answering all the questions of the customers. Set of the expectations: the Tesco team needs to set the expectations in a very proactive manner and also by letting all the followers to reach every one and also to keep the notice if any of the employees needs any type of the help. Local service: by doing the connection of the entire business in both the internal and the external ways so that it becomes easy to deliver the complete and the relevant solution. It also helps to empower the knowledgeable agents and also by supporting the network which helps the companies to give both the valuable and the intricate services (Flippo and Miller, 2014). Creation of the personal plan to do the improvement of the communication skills. The communication planning includes the 6 steps which are given below (Flippo and Miller, 2014): Step 1: research and analysis: the communication planning needs to be done on the basis of the some research and also needs to identify the organization strengths, weakness and the goals. It also needs to identify the effective ways of the communication and also the major opportunities of the communication. Step 2: objectives and goals: it needs to define both the objectives and the goals of the plan and also helps to focus the ways of the communication planning. Both the objectives and the goals needs to be more clear, specific and also needs to evaluate the implemented communication plan respective to the objectives. Step 3: target audience: the next step is doing the targeting to the audience by doing the properly analyzing the groups and also by listing all the communication of the groups. Existing approaches for the collection, formatting and the dissemination of the information and the knowledge used by the college Some of the approaches to do the collection, formation and the dissemination of the information and the knowledge are given below (Iacobucci, 2014): Questioning: It is an effective technique for doing the effective communication and also the exchange of the information. By doing the questioning to all the employees of the college it becomes easy to improve the learning experience of the students. The basis of the question include: the connection of the concept, needs to make the references, needs to explore the basic level of the thinking, knowing and also the understanding (Soumeya and Djamel, 2014). Case studies: Case study is also an effective way to do the proper evaluation and also the collection of the basic information and the knowledge. It also helps in engaging the students for both the reflective and the research discussion facilitates the creative solution of the problems, creation of the opportunity for the students and also enables the students for acquiring the skills. Discussion: it is also another technique for doing the collection and the formation of the information and the knowledge. It also helps to encourage the students in doing the contribution, directs the effective discussion on the basis of the perspectives and the skills and also helps to do the alignment of the discussion on the basis of the curriculum. It also helps to get the proper controlling the discussion. Appropriate changes to improve the collection, formatting and the dissemination of the information and the knowledge of the college As per the requirement of the question to do the improvement of the collection and the formatting of the information need to follow some of the mentioned steps (Iacobucci, 2014): The lecturer of the colleges mostly needs to be done on the basis of the evaluation of the case studies so that it gives the opportunity to do the creative solution of the problems, enables the students to acquiring the skills and also helps to create the opportunities so that they can learn from each other. They also need to create both the small and the large group activities so that it can encourage the students to get more focus on the topic and also by creating some of the new ideas. Strategies which can be used to improve the access of both the information and the knowledge from all the internal and the external stakeholders of the college To improve both the knowledge and the information of the by doing the analysis of both the external and the internal stakeholders which include lecturers, employees, students and the managements they needs to some of the things (Iacobucci, 2014). It also need to do the proper planning of the processes, selection and the definition of the policies, identification of the key stakeholders, proper adaptation of the tools, collection and record the information, proper filling and analyzing of the stakeholder table of the college so that it becomes easy. Conclusion This whole assignment is divided into the four tasks. In the first task it gives the proper information of the range of the decisions on the basis NHS England. It also helps to examine both the information and the knowledge based on the operations and the issues of the scenario of NHS England and also by doing the proper assessment of both the internal and the external sources of the information. The second task is mainly on the basis of the stakeholder analysis and also the decision making process. The third task deals with the communication process of the organization. The fourth or the last task is mainly deals with the improvement of the information and the knowledge system References Bai, Y. and Tan, X. (2014). Research on Intelligent Steering Wheel Technology Based on Multi Sensor. AMM, 488-489, pp.1130-1133. Brock, A. (2014). Interrogating information access: Quantitative and qualitative research on digital divides. New Media Society, 16(5), pp.871-875. Brunel, A. (2014). Quantitative classical realizability. Information and Computation. Burnham, A. (2015). The future of the NHS under the Labour Party. Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England, 97(1), pp.15-15. Flippo, D. and Miller, D. (2014). Turning efficiency prediction for skid steering via single wheel testing. Journal of Terramechanics, 52, pp.23-29. Game, E. (2014). Blowing the whistle: what are your rights?. British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 10(1), pp.46-47. Ham, C. (2014). The NHS in England and the 2015 general election. BMJ, 349(oct10 1), pp.g6129-g6129. Iacobucci, G. (2014). Extra money for NHS will bring underfunded areas closer to target level, NHS England announces. BMJ, 349(dec18 9), pp.g7747-g7747. Jaworski, B. and Huang, R. (2014). Teachers and didacticians: key stakeholders in the processes of developing mathematics teaching. ZDM Mathematics Education, 46(2), pp.173-188. Lamb, N. (2015). The future of the NHS under the Liberal Democrats. Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England, 97(1), pp.14-14. Limb, M. (2014). Over-regulation is eroding trust in doctors, NHS England warns. BMJ, 349(nov20 10), pp.g7083-g7083. Limb, M. (2015). NHS England and Monitor offer compromise deal to hospitals on payments for procedures. BMJ, 350(feb20 21), pp.h1013-h1013. Maroun, W. and Solomon, J. (2014). Whistle-blowing by external auditors: Seeking legitimacy for the South African Audit Profession?. Accounting Forum, 38(2), pp.109-121. Neale, J., Miller, P. and West, R. (2014). Reporting quantitative information in qualitative research: guidance for authors and reviewers. Addiction, 109(2), pp.175-176. Neubaum, D., Dibrell, C. and Craig, J. (2012). Balancing natural environmental concerns of internal and external stakeholders in family and non-family businesses. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 3(1), pp.28-37. NHS England issues safety alert after patient deaths. (2015). Nursing Standard, 29(26), pp.10-10. Oderich, G., Greenberg, R., Farber, M., Lyden, S., Sanchez, L., Fairman, R., Jia, F. and Bharadwaj, P. (2014). L6. Five-Year Results of the United States Multicenter Prospective Study Evaluating the Zenith Fenestrated Endovascular Graft for Treatment of Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 59(6), p.99S. Pero, M. and Sudy, I. (2014). Increasing security and efficiency in supply chains: a five-step approach. IJSTL, 6(3), p.257. Personalising health IT a challenge for NHS England. (2014). PharmacoEconomics Outcomes News, 718(1), pp.8-8. Ruck, H. and Stottan, T. (2014). Interactive Steering Wheel for Optimal Operation. Auto Tech Rev, 3(7), pp.36-41. Santos, A., Almeida, R. and Assis, K. (2014). Yen-BSR: A New Approach for the Choice of Routes in WDM Networks. Journal of Optical Communications, 35(4). Sierra, U., Ã lvarez, P., Santamara, R., Granda, M., Blanco, C. and Menndez, R. (2014). A multi-step exfoliation approach to maintain the lateral size of graphene oxide sheets. Carbon, 80, pp.830-832. Sofosbuvir to be funded by NHS England. (2014). PharmacoEconomics Outcomes News, 701(1), pp.10-10. Soumeya, D. and Djamel, M. (2014). Study of advanced separation of concerns approaches using the GoF design patterns: A quantitative and qualitative comparison. Information and Software Technology, 56(10), pp.1345-1359.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Marshall always spoke very intelligently. When conversing with Marshall, Jefferson said, l never admit anything. Or you will be forced to grant his conclusion. (Glen non) He was easily able to discuss with the justices about not descending and politicking from the bench. Marshall spoke frequently about how the court should act and think as one. He succeeded in bringing the justices of the Supreme Court together the rough his intelligent speeches and persuasive manner.Marshals persuasive manner contributed to convincing the justices that writing one opinion instead of each justice writing his own would be more effective. This custom gave the judicial pronouncements a forceful unity they had formerly lacked (MouseKey 25). This change allowed Marshall to write the majority of the opinions. Out of 1 006 decisions Marshall wrote 508. One Of those decisions, judicial review, was the most important ever written. The Supreme Court had two choices as to what to do about Mammary vs. We will write a custom essay sample on John Marshall and the Supreme Court or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page .Madison. They could order delivery of the commissions and risk being ignored or they could not support Mammary and look weak to all. This placed the court in a very compromising position but Marshall uses his immense intellect to gain the courts the respect and power it deserves. Marshall realized the Supreme Court had no jurisdiction over this case. Article 1 3 of the Judiciary Act of 1789, the article that provides the court with the power to issue a writ of mandamus, is unconstitutional.This article is unconstitutional because original jurisdiction is defined in the Constitution and Congress does not have the power to add to it unless through a constitutional amendment. The court was in the delightful position, Job rejecting and assuming power in a single breath, for the Congress had tried to give the judges an authority they could not constitutionally accept and judges high-minded refusing (MouseKey 27). Marshall could have ended the case eight there but decided against that and managed to initiate the power the Supreme Court holds today.By denying the power to issue a writ of mandamus, Article 13 of the Jud iciary Act of 1 789, and then assuming the power to declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional, judicial review, the courts began receiving the respect and power they deserved. This provided the Supreme Court with the power of checks on legislative laws that were passed. It showed the general public that the courts do have power in the grand scheme things. Marshall supplied the Supreme Court with this vast power yet it wasnt used again until 857. The Supreme Court decision established the court as its own entity.Marshall used the decision to give the court independence from the other branches. It also gave the Supreme Court independence from state courts. The Supreme Court can now only hear cases specified in its original jurisdiction written in the Constitution. Marshall believed that if the Supreme Court had not established its independence the court system altogether would have collapsed. It would have been overpowered by the other branches of the government. Mammary vs.. Madison was very significant in shaping the Supreme Court the ay it is today.Today the Supreme Court deals with the agenda of the nation. The Supreme Court is the policy maker of the nation; making policies on issues such as abortion, affirmative action, and prayer in school. The Supreme Court Justices decide monumental cases such as Roe vs.. Wade. John Marshall was to the Supreme Court what George Washington was to the nation. George Washington made the nation something to be proud of as an American; John Marshall did the same for the Supreme Court. Chief Justice John Marshal and his decision Of judicial review forever changed the court system.
Saturday, March 14, 2020
A Review of From Blue to Grey essays For my book review assignment I have chosen From Blue to Grey, written by Gerard A. Patterson. (Mechanicsburg, P@ Stackpole Books, 2001, 131 pages). Mr. Patterson has chronicled the life of a Confederate General named Cadmus M. Wilcox, a West Point graduate who was just beginning what promised to be a successful career with the U.S. Army, before the onset of the Civil War. The thesis promises a personal perspective of how the Civil War redirected the life of Cadmus Wilcox. An explanation of the reasons that drove this man, and others like him, to turn away from a promising career, and embrace the newly formed Confederacy. The consequences of this decision, both during and after the war, that shaped the life of the young lieutenant. To accomplish this task, Mr. Patterson sites information from a wide selection of manuscripts, articles and books. More importantly, what really supports Mr. Patterson book is General Wilcoxs own testimonial. Though the use of personal family letters and other correspondence from the war, one gains a personal insight about this Confederate General. Gerard A. Patterson retired from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette in 1995, since his retirement, he has spent his time concentrating on Civil War research and writing. The Jacket Cover discloses that he has written four other books on topics from this era; Rebels From West Point, Justice or Atrocity: Gen George E. Pickett and the Kinston, N.C. Hangings, and Debris of Battle: The wounded of Gettysburg. He has contributed numerous articles to Civil War Times Illustrated, American History and other history related publications. This book follows a detailed chronological path and is written from a somewhat Confederate viewpoint. Even though it is a bit one-sided in the explanation of why events unfolded as they did during the war, Mr. Pattersons account is both logical and exciting to read. Mr. Patterson is very ski...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Knowledge Management and Organizational Competencies - Dissertation Example This research is planned to be carried out from the perspective of our school, The Commonwealth Secondary School Singapore. Given that this is an educational institution, knowledge management forms the key business system for the school in delivering against learning & development objectives of the students of the school. The school has multiple knowledge elements Ã¢â¬â TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s notes, modules & class lessons, books & journals, past researches & dissertations by ex-students, white papers, essays, etc. It would be very interesting to evaluate how they have been organized in the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s library system and how useful the knowledge management system has been to the students of all levels taking various courses and also for the teachers for their reference material in preparing for the classes. An old theory by Jeremy Hope & Tony Hope presented the three waves of Economic Change - agriculture wave that strengthened global economies based on the green revolution, industr ial wave that strengthened global economies based on the industrial revolution and the Information wave (modern wave) that is in the process of strengthening the global economies based on knowledge revolution. In order to achieve the best of the third wave, organizations need to implement a management system for conversion of tacit knowledge to explicit and then sanitize, organize and present them for the benefits of the business. Conversion of tacit knowledge to explicit requires overcoming of cultural barriers.
Monday, February 10, 2020
Country Cultural Briefing for Business Associates - Assignment Example There have been many sites that have been excavated the reversal the history of the country as a home of Australopithecus. The country was inhabited by Bantu speaking people who were originally iron smelters, agriculturalist and herdsmen. The country was discovered by Portuguese in 1487. Bartlomeu Dias was the first Europeans to the reach the region and he named it as the Cape of Storms from the stormy conditions that were prevalent in the area but his sponsor renamed it as Cape of Good Hope. This is because it gave a promise of viable sea route to India the Portuguese were desperately seeking for. (Thompson, 2001) From the discovery of the region, the Dutch settlers followed and colonized the country. It became an important slave trade center for the region and Dutch settlement expanded. But it was the British who made an impact on colonization of the region when they annexed the cape colony in 1806. The Britons found the country ideal for slave trade. The discovery of diamond and gold in 1867 and 1884 respectively was perhaps the beginning of serious trade in the region. This was followed by mass settlement of whites in the country. South Africa carries the history of one of the worst form of racial discrimination in the world by the name apartheid. Under apartheid, there were different settlement and different public facilities for the white and the blacks. The was followed by a long history of struggle for freedom which was led by Nelson Mandela, a renown world figure, and the ANC party. Eventually Mandela was released after serving 27 years in Robin Island and the country was granted independence in 1994. (Kalley, 1999) Business wise, the history spins since the aforementioned discovery of Gold and diamond in the country. This led to establishment of commercial centers and large white farms that supported the trade. Since then the country has grown its economy to become the largest in Africa. Size South Africa has an area of around 470,979 Sq mi which is approximately 1,219,912 km2 which makes the 25th largest country in the world. It has a coast line that stretches fro more than 2,500 kilometers across the Atlantic and Indian Ocean. The country is made up of nine provinces with 52 districts. It has 6 metropolitan and 46 municipalities. These municipalities hold about 231 local municipalities. South Africa has a population of about 44,819,768 people which is one of the highest populations in Africa. Political System South Africa has a peculiar political system in the sense that it is the only country in the world that has three capitals. Cape Town which is the largest capital in the country is the center for legislative. Pretoria is the centre for administrative while Bloemfontein is the judicial capital. This is a peculiar political arrangement in the world but which has been planned to give the country a kind of equal representation in the political and legal matters. The country has a bicameral parliament with ninety members forming the upper house. These members form the National Council of Provinces. There are other 400 members who make the lower house or the national assemble. These members are elected directed by the people and their representation is based on population basis. Ten members are elected to represent each province in the National council of provinces but which is not
Friday, January 31, 2020
Pressure Gradients Essay The atmosphere is composed of a mixture of gases. Air has weight which is directed towards the centre of the earth. The force (weight) of air per unit area acting on object on the earth is called the atmospheric pressure (Diane, 11). The atmospheric pressure is measured by an instrument called a barometer. On a map, regions of equal pressure are linked by lines called isobars. These lines are drawn in such a way that they never cross each other. The drawing of these lines is based on the average sea level pressure reports. It is true that majority of the weather stations are situated some heath above sea level. Therefore the pressure measured at a particular place has to be converted into sea level pressure before the isobars are drawn. This is due to the fact that pressure decreases with increase in height and the pressures on maps should be as a result of weather conditions and not due to changes in height(Integrated Publishing). According to Diane, Pressure differences occur due to differences in the heat absorbed by the land or water. When air is heated, it expands reducing its density and rises. A partial vacuum is therefore created. Cold denser air flows to take up the space left by the rising air. Basically wind flows from a region of high pressure to a region of low pressure. Therefore, as the pressure changes from place to place, the speed of wind also changes. Diane defines pressure gradient as the rate of change of pressure at a particular time in a particular place. The force that pushes air from a region of high pressures to the region of low pressure is called the pressure gradient force. The force is greater when the pressure gradient is high. Eady notes that the speed of wind depends on the pressure gradient, being higher with greater pressure gradient. It could be expected that the wind will flow perpendicular to the isobars. However the pressure gradient force is somewhat circular as it depends not only on pressure gradient but also on Coriolis Effect, centrifugal force and frictional force (Eady, 142). Coriolis force is brought about as a result of the rotation of the earth. All particles at the surface of the earth rotate once every day. Since the radious is greater at the equator than towards the poles, an object rotates faster at the equator than at higher latitudes. If air moves northwards due to pressure gradient force, it maintains it horizontal motion; in accordance to NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s first law of motion (Ferrel, 98). The air therefore moves in a North Easterly direction. In actual sense, wind flows in a circular path (integrated Publishing). For a body to maintain a circular path, centripetal force must be provided. In accordance to NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s third law of motion an equal and opposites force called centrifugal force acts on the body (Eady, 139). This force tends to push winds out of their paths and it increases with speed of wind. As wind flows over objects over the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface it experiences fractional drag. This drag results to wind flowing at an angle to the isobars near the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface. At higher altitudes air flows parallel to the isobars (Joseph). Diane Fisher contends that in some cases, air cools at a particular place in the troposphere. The cooling results into contraction of air which in turn leads to increase in mass per unit volume of air. This leads to increased pressure directed downwards. This air then attempts to flow outwards towards regions of low pressure. But due to Coriolis force, the air is made to rotate clockwise in the northern hemisphere and anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere. This is referred to as an anticyclone. On the other hand, Diane tells us that a region of rising air of low pressure is called a cyclone. This occurs at the boundary of cold and warm air. It is caused by warm air rising and cools air descending which creates of reduced pressure. An inward pressure gradient is created and in addition to Coriolis Effect causes air to circulate in anticlockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and Clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. The cyclone usually moves upwards and it contributes to the circulation of air in the atmosphere. Works Cited Diane Fisher. Ã¢â¬Å"Become a weather wizardÃ¢â¬ . In The Technology Teacher, Vol. 61, 2002:11 Ã¢â¬â 15. Eady, E. T. Ã¢â¬Å"The general circulation of the atmosphere and oceans. Ã¢â¬ In: The Earth and Its Atmosphere, ed. D. R. Bates. New York, Basic Books, (1957):130-151. Ferrel, W. The influence of the Earths rotation upon the relative motion of bodies near its surface. Astron. J. , Vol V. No. 109, (1858):97-100. Integrated Publishing . http://www. tpub. com/content/aerographer/14312/css/14312_16. htm Joseph E Van Riper. Mans Physical World. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 1962.